The coffee producing countries are found in the tropical zone because coffee trees need a lot of water and humidity.
WHERE DO COFFEE PLANTS GROW?
The best climate for coffee growing is either subtropical or equatorial. This zone is located between the Tropics of Cancer (North) and Capricorn (South). The coffee producing countries located on these areas of the Earth have rich soils. Volcanic soil is considered the best. High altitude and adequate rainfall are also main factors for good coffee harvesting.
Coffee producing countries located in the subtropical region have altitude of 600-1000 meters (approx. 2000-3300 ft.). As far as coffee production is concerned this altitude for example includes coffee producing countries like Brazil and Mexico in America as well as Zimbabwe in Africa. This type of climate permits only one growing season due to the equal rainy and dry seasons.
Coffee producing countries located in the equatorial region have altitude of 1100-2000 meters (approx. 3600-6600 ft.). As far as coffee production is concerned this altitude for example includes coffee producing countries like Colombia in America as well as Ethiopia & Kenya in Africa. This type of climate permits two growing seasons due to the frequent rainfall.
The most important coffee producing countries:
SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.
CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama.
CARIBBEAN REGION: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico.
WEST AFRICA: Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo.
CENTRAL AFRICA: Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, Zaire.
EAST AFRICA: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania.
SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: Angola.
SOUTH-EAST AFRICA: Madagascar, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen.
ASIA: India, Thailand, Vietnam.
PACIFIC RIM: Hawaii (USA State), Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines.
COFFEE PLANTS VARIATIONS
Coffee trees could compare to vineyards. They produce different varieties of beans as vineyards of grapes. Arabica & Robusta are the most cultivated varieties of coffee plants. In order to produce a high quality wine a special care is given to soil, climate, plants and harvesting. Coffee producing countries treat their plantations as vineyards.
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